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Table 2 Adjusted Odds Ratios for CKDu Using Backward Stepwise Approach with Forced Inclusion of Primary Exposures of Interest – Pesticide Use and Alcohol Consumption

From: A pilot case-control study using a one health approach to evaluate behavioral, environmental, and occupational risk factors for chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology in Sri Lanka

Factor Odds Ratio P-Value 95% Confidence Interval
Age* 1.12 < 0.01 (1.04, 1.21)
Sex: male 6.19 0.07 (0.73, 44.06)
Chew betel 3.57 0.08 (0.86, 14.84)
Pet dog* 4.41 0.03 (1.19, 16.27)
Pests in-home* 8.19 0.02 (1.45, 46.18)
Consume arrack 0.64 0.62 (0.11, 3.86)
Consume beer 1.15 0.88 (0.18, 7.34)
Consume kasippu 0.26 0.23 (0.03, 2.39)
Fungicide 1.45 0.57 (0.41, 5.17)
Herbicide 1.00 1.00
In-home pesticide 0.82 0.79 (0.34, 4.97)
Insecticide 1.00 1.00
  1. Note: Exposures of interest kept in model despite non-significant p-value
  2. *Significance attributed as p-value < 0.05